What Is Diabetes Mellitus

The full name of diabetes is “diabetes mellitus“. The words “diabetes” and “mellitus” refer to the two main symptoms of diabetes. “Diabetes” comes from the Greek and means “flow”, “mellitus” is of Latin origin and means “honey sweet”. Both refer to the urine, which tastes sweet and flows abundantly (honey-sweet flow).

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder (sugar metabolism disorder). Chronic means that diabetes will be a lifelong companion that is more or less noticeable every day, but you do not have to worry about it.

The substance that drives us – The interaction of insulin and sugar

The most important “fuel” that maintains the functions of our body are the carbohydrates, better known as sugar. Every muscle movement we make, even thinking, is largely dependent on sugar. We take carbohydrates with food, usually in the form of starch, as they are eg. B. in bread, in pasta or in potatoes, to us. In the stomach and intestines are larger carbohydrates, such as starch, smaller sugar units, z. B. the glucose (glucose) degraded. These are then released into the blood for use in order to be absorbed into the body cells, in particular, the muscle cells.

Classification of diabetes mellitus

Exactly this interaction is disturbed in different ways in diabetes mellitus. In the so-called type 1 diabetes, formerly also called “juvenile or juvenile diabetes”, the pancreas can no longer produce insulin. The corresponding cells are irretrievably destroyed here. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas initially produces enough insulin. However, this can not develop its full effect (so-called “insulin resistance”). To compensate for the lack of effect, the pancreas produces more and more insulin. At some point, however, the pancreas becomes exhausted and can no longer produce enough insulin.

Type 2 diabetes is by far the most prevalent form with about 90 percent (type 1 diabetes about 5 percent). There are also some very rare forms of diabetes that u. a. be inherited or caused by drugs or other diseases. Therefore, the following comments are mainly on the type 2 diabetes.

First aid

In many people, diabetes is discovered by accident – those affected often feel completely healthy at the beginning. The diagnosis may, therefore, be associated with a degree of uncertainty. Most sufferers know very little about diabetes. Also, obsolete ideas of certain dietary restrictions and inevitable sequelae persist.

If you have just been diagnosed with diabetes, ask yourself, like many other people in your situation, these or similar questions:
– Why me?
– Do I have to do without ALL now?
– Which doctor can I contact?

First some comments:

– You DO NOT have to do without anything, especially when eating.
– Diabetes is a metabolic disease that can be successfully treated.

Exercise, healthy eating, and current therapy methods contribute to a good one
Blood sugar adjustment and can thus avoid secondary diseases!

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